surrealism

This photo to me portrays how someone is hiding from something or someone. I also see this as a mystery, a man behind an object or more specifically an apple. The artist, to me, was conveying the man in the image is hiding his identity or shown as a mystery to others by not showing his features. Overall I like this picture.

Top Photographer with Nigel Baker

From what I watched about the show it tells a lot about each person photographing and what their style of shooting is. Each subject is different which means not all the photographers are going to be capable of capturing the image as well. As a photographer I see the amount of pressure it takes to get a image in a certain amount of time because not always will you be on your own time. I also see that not every picture will come out how you wanted, you may even forget a step or two while shooting. All it takes is confidence in your work and having fun without putting so much pressure on yourself to make up for the mistakes u may have made.

File Formats

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)-  They are essentially set up to store as many images on the memory card as possible.

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format)- These file formats are usually uncompressed, and as a result offer the opportunity for extensive post-processing. They are also some cameras offer TIFF as the highest image quality level in camera.

RAW- RAW files are generally available on advanced compact cameras and DSLRs which some may say  it is the best option if you want to get the absolute best file from your camera.

DNG (Digital Negative Format)- Is an attempt to create a standard raw file format across all manufacturers and cameras and it also has ability to use image processing software such as Lightroom and Photoshop.

PNG (Portable Network Graphics)- PNG files are ideal for use on the internet. Lossless compression means good image quality.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)- PNGs offer the ability to maintain transparency (but can’t support partial transparency) and also allow for animation, lossless compression means image quality is not sacrificed.

BMP (Bitmap)-  BMPs are large file sizes as color data is saved in each individual pixel in the image without any compression, as a result this provides a high quality digital file.

PSD (Photoshop Document)- PSD files are that it allows for manipulation on specific individual layers , rather than on the main image itself.

Outdoor natural light portraits

read and write: lenses 20 Facts

1.The lens you get is based off of what yo want o shoot.

2.Cost of lenses depended on several things but mainly the more expensive, the more you have access to your camera.

3.Wide angles give an expansive view of the whole scene if used properly.

4.The main mistake photographers make using wide angles is not being close enough or by trying to include too much in one scene.

5.Wide angles are good for tight areas, like small rooms or cars and give volume.

6.Standard lenses range from about 35mm up to around 85mm.

7.Standard zoom range will cover moderate wide angles from 24mm to 35mm.

8.Moderate telephoto lengths are around 70mm and can go up to 105mm.

9.Standard zoom lenses allows wide angle work such as landscape, or zooming in to the telephoto end of the lens to take a portrait.

10.Popular standard zooms are 18-55mm, 18-35mm, 24-70mm.

11.Prime lenses are lenses with one focal length that forces you to think more about composition and point of view, just because it cant zoom.

12.Telephoto lenses push together distance so it appears closer rather than a wide angle which makes things look farther.

13.A “fast” lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8, or larger.

14.300mm f/4 or 300mm f,2.8 or 400mm f/28 are great but you need a fast shutter speed to go with it.

15.Too slow motion speed will cause motion blur.

16.At least 1/500 to 1/1000 shutter speed is the minimum.

17.Using longer lenses can be challenging to track movement.

18.It would be much easier if the target is coming directly at you rather than in different motions.

19.Faster telephoto lenses have larger maximum apertures.

20.Beyond the usual lenses, there are a variety of different kinds that all have a different purpose.

depth and field explained

Depth of field is the distance between 2 objects in a image that one appears sharp and the other becomes blurry. This means that it is not necessarily a fixed distance between the two but something called shallow and deep where the shooter gets to pick which one should stand out more. This is used to show the main subject in a photo and is based mainly on how the viewer sees it and what catches there eye first. Depth field impacts both aesthetic and technical quality of a picture.

How depth of field works is by many ways of controlling it. The choice of aperture, focus distance and can even depend on what camera you use. Aperture is a lens in the camera that lets light pass through as if its a pupil. Wide apertures and close focusing distance is what makes a shallow depth and field. A not so wide aperture is what makes is a deep depth and field which doesn’t make a point in the image sharp. This also needs to balance with the shutter speed and ISO in order to maintain a consistent exposure.

What every beginner needs to know.

  1. Setting the Exposure using the Histogram

The cameras LCD screen is not so much reliable when dealing with harsh sunlight. Using the histogram is a great way to properly check the exposure.

2. RAW

Most cameras have high quality of jpgs but it still doesn’t categorize in RAW files. Shooting in RAW format gives you control and access of what your camera can do.

3. Selecting focusing points manually

Usually the camera has the option of choosing the auto focus points for you but it isn’t all accurate sometimes. Selecting manually lowers your chances of missing important detail and improves focusing accuracy.

4. Learn all AF modes

In order to get to know camera skills is by learning all the AF modes. At some point you will start using all the modes so its best to learn and experiment with them.

5. Aperture Priority

Aperture mode is used to control how much depth and detail a picture should have. This is mainly used/good for portraits with blurred backgrounds.

6. Shutter Priority

The shutter priority mode works for low light situations but also fast moving objects. In a way its like aperture priority because when u select that mode it makes all the others automatic.

7. Control Motion Blur

This mode is usually for motion free pictures. It often comes from using shutter speed that is too slow to hold the camera in hand.

8. Manual White Balance

All digital cameras have a few white balance presets that do a okay job. Recommended to use the white balance manually so u can ajust it to any light setting.

9. Drive Modes

There are 3 essential drive modes single shot, continuous low and continuous high. All with use of different properties.

10. ISO

In order to get the right ISO value is depending on the lighting conditions. low values are good because there is plenty of light to have but the higher ISO values are needed for working with low light.

11. Auto-ISO

Auto-ISO will help with hand held shooting. It will increase or decrease value so you can shoot fast enough hand held.

12. Exposure compensation

It is a +/- scale that will tell your camera to increase or decrease exposure depending on how you want it. You will have to gradually correct the exposure and be careful not to set it too high or too low.

13. Manual exposure

This is a full manual mode where it selects everything for you. You can learn how to control the settings on the camera instead of staying on manual.